Sometimes a medical condition is the cause of bad breath. More often than not, bad breath is caused by dental or gum problems that have been left untreated. According to the American Dental Association (ADA), diabetes, acid reflux, or sinus conditions can contribute to bad breath. But here are 4 conditions in the mouth that are the leading causes of bad breath.
4 Causes Of Bad Breath
Bacteria Left in the Mouth
When bad breath is the result of a dental condition, it usually starts with bad bacteria that is not removed by stellar dental hygiene – avoiding sticky foods, flossing, brushing after meals, and an antiseptic rinse. Hundreds of different species of bacteria are found in the mouth, but poor dental hygiene will cause a proliferation of the bad bacteria that leads to bad breath or halitosis.
Plaque Build-up on Teeth
Dental plaque is the accumulation of bacteria from sugary and sticky foods that leaves a smelly, soft film on teeth. When plaque is not removed by daily brushing, it will harden into tartar. Tartar, plaque, bacteria, and food particles will continue to build, pushing back gums and cause bad breath and gingivitis.
Mild Gum Disease – Gingivitis
Apart from causing bad breath due to the bacteria that is building on the gums, gingivitis, an precursor to advanced gum disease, can cause gum irritation, inflammation, and redness around the base of the gums. Rinsing with an antiseptic mouth wash will diminish symptoms of bad breath, but unless you reverse the bacterial growth with aggressive dental care, advanced gum disease will result.
Advanced Gum Disease – Periodontitis
Constant bad breath is an indication of gum disease and requires the attention of a dental profession to correct. Receding gums and open pockets between the gum line and the teeth will start the process of losing teeth, misaligned teeth, and extreme bad breath.
If you have noticed recurring bad breath, even after brushing and rinsing, you could be in the early or advanced stages of gum disease. To detect early gum disease visit your dentist at least twice per year. To prevent the loss of teeth or complicated dental surgeries such root canals, due to bacterial infections have dental plaque removed and any stage of gum disease treated. Don’t have a dentist or looking for a great dental office in the Charleston area, call Trident General Dentistry today!